My Fascinating Journey to Mud Volcano Therapy in Azerbaijan – Insights by Dr Prem Jagyasi

Detailed Guide to the Fascinating Volcanic Mud Therapy by Dr. Prem Jagyasi

Have you ever used mud masks or had mud therapies in spas? If not, I must tell you that you are missing out on an exceptional experience. Simply applying mud packs on your face or body feels immensely rejuvenating, imagine how amazing and beneficial it could be to completely immerse into this therapeutic mud. Among all other forms of mud treatments, this fascinating therapy is called Volcanic Mud Therapy.

I recently experienced the magic of Volcanic Mud Therapy in Azerbaijan and I would like to express my heartfelt gratitude to Mr.Faud, the owner of Guided Azerbaijan Company, for arranging and ensuring the success of my trip to the mud volcano. This incredible experience was enlightened with help of my guide Mr.Elsever, who did an excellent job at making all the necessary arrangements and requirements that made the trip completely hassle-free. The fun of this therapeutical practice was doubled as my dear friend Ulkar was kind enough to join me for this volcanic mud therapy and also showed me around the country. It was a truly rejuvenating and calming experience.

This experience inspired me to spread awareness of this therapy, so you can also indulge in it. Thereby, I tend to share everything that you must know about Volcanic Mud Therapy through this guide.

This guide contains the following topics:

A Detailed Guide to the Fascinating Volcanic Mud Therapy by Dr. Prem Jagyasi

What is a Mud Volcano?

Dr Prem with Mr.ElseverMud Volcanoes are geological structures that resemble regular volcanoes but are created by liquefied sediments, clay-sized fragments, as well as various fluids and gases. The materials ejected from these formations include a blend of mud and fine solid materials that are suspended in liquids such as hydrocarbon fluids and water. Around 1100 mud volcanoes have been identified till now.

The occurrence of mud volcanoes is influenced by tectonic activities. They are formed as a result of the pressurized movement of mud that forces it to break through the crust of the earth or the bottom of the ocean. Mud Volcanoes are particularly seen in areas where fluids are released due to the complex crystal deformation caused because of transpressional and transtensional tectonics.

What is Volcanic Mud Therapy?

Dr Prem relaxing at Mud Volcano BakuMud is one of the elements among panchamahabhuta that has a great impact on our bodies in both health and diseases. It has the ability to offer remarkable effects to refresh, revitalize, and invigorate the human body. The use of mud for treating or curing sickness is considered to be one of the ancient pearls of wisdom.

Volcanic Mud Therapy is a simple and efficacious option. It may be used in the treatment of various neurological, rheumatological, inflammatory, gynecological, and menstrual disorders including stress, pain, and certain skin ailments. However, its rejuvenating effects have majorly contributed to its increasing demand.

The Volcanic Mud sourced from the surrounding land of volcanos is popularly known for its beneficial use on the face and body. This therapy can be performed in two ways, either by completely immersing into the pool of liquidized mud or applying a thin layer all over the body or on specific areas. A large number of people use this therapy simply to unwind and relax.

Research and Case Studies Reviews

Dr Prem Volcanic Mud inspectionReviews of some research and case studies are demonstrated below in order to help understand the effectiveness of Volcanic Mud Therapy:

  1. As per a research report published in the Journal of Cosmetic Science, mud volcanoes contain high levels of sulfur. This natural element has been found to provide numerous skin benefits including enhancing skin elasticity, reducing wrinkles and other aging signs along with promoting overall skin health.
  2. Similarly, another research report published in the International Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, stated that mud therapy provides beneficial results in treating skin problems such as eczema and psoriasis. It showed that the presence of minerals and trace elements in the mud provides soothing and healing effects to the skin.
  3. Many case studies that used mud therapy in different forms, such as mud-pack therapy, thermal-mud balneotherapy, mud spa therapy, or mud-bath have been shown to be effective in preventing and treating knee osteoarthritis. These therapies show their effectiveness by decreasing pain and inflammation, improving functionality, as well as reducing the need of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.
  4. Another study shows that the application of mud baths during physical rehabilitation leads to improved functional health parameters, especiallyamong those suffering from degenerative and inflammatory rheumatic diseases. It has been observed that itmay also induce effects at the molecular level, which can potentially provide osteoprotective and chondroprotective benefits.
  5. Besides these, walking barefoot on dried mud isfound to stimulate the acupressure points of your soles, which results in covering up the deficiencies in your body. On the other hand, sleeping or immersing into liquid or molten mud that requires bringing your body down into the earth isfound to reload energy levels and provide a healing experience with help of magnetic forces and positive vibrations of the earth.

What are the Different Types of Mud and their properties?

Dr Prem's volcano Mud therapy sessionThere are different types of mud that are found to be beneficial for health and well-being. The four main properties found in therapeutic mud are:

  • The power of absorption
  • Stimulating capacity
  • Anti-microbial effect
  • Ability of healing

However, the mineral contentofmud can varyfrom place to place due to the differences in the formation and constitution of rocks in different locations. Depending on the physical and chemical properties of mud, it can be divided into different types.

Here are some different types of mud and their mineral and chemical properties:

  • Black Mud –

Black mud is widely known for its use in various beauty regimens including body wraps and facial treatments for enhancing skin elasticity, reducing fine lines and wrinkles, and boosting overall skin health. One of the common sources of black mud is the Dead Sea, which is well-known for having an abundance of essential vitamins and minerals including magnesium, calcium, and vitamin E that enables skin benefits.

  • Dead Sea Mud –

Dead Sea Mud is popularly renowned for its amazing blend of 21 minerals including potassium, magnesium, and calcium. This exceptional combination of minerals in Dead Sea Mud is known to provide benefits such as eliminating toxins from the skin, unclogging pores, and improving blood flow resulting in a revitalized and radiant appearance. It is also used to soothe skin conditions such as psoriasis, eczema, and acne.

  • Moor Mud –

This naturally occurring substance is rich in both organic and inorganic compounds including a plethora of minerals such as zinc, iron, and copper as well as amino acids, humic and fulvic acids. Moor Mud is known for providing numerous benefits like enhanced skin tone and texture, increase collagen production, and reduce inflammation, making it an effective ingredient in various anti-aging and skincare formulas.

  • Sapropelic Mud –

Mud Volcano bursting

Sapropelic Mud is derived from organic matter such as plankton and algae. This type of mud has high levels of vitamins and minerals as well as nutrients, making it an incredible choice in several medical and cosmetic treatments. It is known for its several beneficial abilitieslikerelieving joint inflammation and pain, improving the quality of the skin, and promoting overall well-being.

  • Silt Sulphide Mud –

Silt Sulphide Mud is usually derived from regions like thermal springs or volcanic areas. This type of mud is rich in sulfur compounds that are known for their antibacterial and antifungal benefits and make it an effective treatment for several skin problems. It also contains minerals like calcium and magnesium, which are found to be helpful in nourishing and hydrating the skin.

  • Peat Mud –

Peat Mud is originated from the decomposition of plant matter such as ferns and moss. It has high contents of humic and fulvic acids and calcium and magnesium. This favorable combination of compounds helps in detoxifying and nurturing the skin. Peat Mud is commonly used in various spa treatments including facials and body wraps for promoting skin relaxation, reducing cellulite, and improving overall skin health.

  • Hill Mud

This type of mud is found on the slopes of mountains and hills and contains a high concentration of various minerals and trace elements such as iron, zinc, and copper. It is well-known for its ability to enhance blood circulation and minimize inflammation. Due to these beneficial effects, this mud is also believed to provide therapeutical benefits for conditions such as rheumatism, arthritis, and pain related to muscle or joint disorders. Moreover, it is also used in beauty treatments for improving the skin vitality.

Where are the Mud Volcanoes Found?

Dr Prem visiting Mud Volcano Baku

  • Around 1,100 mud volcanoes have been discovered on both lands and shallow as well as deep waters. It is also believed that there could possibly be more than 10,000 mud volcanoes on the continental slopes and abyssal plains.
  • Mud volcanoes have been discovered in various regions across the globe and have been documented in Italy, Romania, Iraq, Iran, India, New Zealand, the Gulf of Mexico, Myanmar, India, Malaysia, Colombia, Trinidad, Venezuela, and the USSR.
  • The largest mud volcano in the world, until 2006, was situated in Balochistan, Pakistan. Its name is Baba Chandrakup and it holds significance as a pilgrimage site for Hindus, specifically those visiting Hinglaj. In addition to Baba Chandrakup, there are 80 other mud volcanoes found in Balochistan.
  • Since 2006, Lusi Mud Volcano located in Sidoarjo in East Java, Indonesia is considered to be the world’s largest mud volcano. It is widely known to cover around 7 square kilometers of land.
  • The most massive structures ever discovered have a diameter of 10 km and can measure up to 700 m tall. With the introduction of side scan sonar in the late 1960s, there has been a more frequent discovery of mud volcanoes on the ocean floor.
  • Azerbaijan is home to a vast majority of the world’s mud volcanoes, and this trend extends into the Southern Caspian region. Among 700 well-known mud volcanoes worldwide, 400 are found in the eastern regionof Azerbaijan and theCapsianSea.
  • Mud volcanoes can also be found across several Indonesian islands including Sumatra, Pigai, Nias, Sipora, East Kalimantan (Borneo), East Java, Rote, Timor, Tanimbar, Barbar, Yamdena,Aru, and Papua. They are predominantly located in areas with a high rate of subsidence basins, such as the Madura-East Java Basin and Kutai Basin, as well as in regions with high seismicity like the islands in the Banda Sea, and in tectonically complex areas such as Timor and Papua.
  • In the hilly terrain of Papua, Indonesia, there is a 400 km long and almost 100 km wide zone of disruption where you can find mud volcanoes. These volcanoes are located along structural trends that can extend up to 50 km in length and 25 km in width. The terrain is characterized by landslides and has low relief, providing an ideal location for these geological features.

What are the Benefits of Volcanic Mud Therapy?

dr prem taking volcanic Mud bath at baku

Mud volcanoes are natural occurrences that take place when underground mud, water, and gas combine and rise to the surface, forming a conical shape. These geological formations are located in different regions of the globe and are renowned for their therapeutic characteristics.

Below are some research-backed statistics and information on the advantages of mud volcanoes for our well-being:

  • Improves skin health
  • Provides anti-aging benefits
  • Relieves joint pains
  • Boosts immunity
  • Helps reduce stress
  • Improves blood circulation
  • Provide healing effects
  • Help with skin disorders
  • Helps with respiratory conditions
  • Promotes detoxification
  • Improves digestion
  • Improves sleep quality

IMPORTANT NOTE: Volcanic Mud Therapy has not undergone thorough examination, and further research is necessary to understand its complete potential advantages. Additionally, not every mud volcano is safe or appropriate for therapeutic purposes. Before going for this therapy, it is vital to select a reliable and reputed source of mud.

What are the Therapeutical Applications of Volcanic Mud?

Dr Prem experiencing Therapeutical Applications of Volcanic MudThe therapeutical applications of Volcanic Mud Therapy can be used for the following conditions:

  • Neurological disorders
  • Rheumatologic (osteoarthritis)
  • Certain cardiovascular disorders
  • Gynecological conditions including inflammatory and menstrual cycle disorders
  • Certain skin pathology
  • Stress and anxiety

What are the Derma-Cosmetological Applications of Volcanic Mud?

anti-inflammatory action of Volcanic Mud

  • Its anti-inflammatory action and soothing properties make it perfect for calming irritated skin.
  • It also acts as a stimulant for cutaneous formation, promoting the expulsion of uric acid while simultaneously purifying and healing the skin.
  • It encourages cell reproduction, giving your skin a youthful glow.
  • Packed with mineral salts and trace elements, volcanic mud has everything your body needs for a healthy complexion.
  • Its powerful ability to stimulate circulation makes it an excellent tissue restorative.
  • Volcanic mud remineralizes and balances the pH of your skin.
  • This mud can also be applied to the eyelids without any reactions, which makes it a truly versatile product.
  • When used, it produces an organic hyperactivation that deeply polishes the skin.
  • Its immediate anti-inflammatory and calming action is incredible.
  • It even acts as an incredible astringent, eliminating excess oiliness and sealing pores, which can be very beneficial, especially for those with large pores.

What are the Aesthetic Applications of Volcanic Mud?

Dr Prem enjoying the relaxing Mud therapy

Here are some of the aesthetic benefits that volcanic mud therapy offers:

  • Volcanic mud therapy is an excellent way to prevent skin aging.
  • It can also be used to effectively treat dry and dehydrated skin.
  • Those who have undergone chemotherapy can benefit from volcanic mud therapy as it restores the skin.
  • Volcanic mud can also help with getting rid of skin stains, flaccidity, and cellulite.
  • For those dealing with acne, volcanic mud therapy can be a great solution.
  • It is also known for its deep cleansing properties that result infresh-looking and healthy skin.
  • If you suffer from varicose spills, this therapy may help to alleviate the symptoms.
  • Volcanic mud therapy can also assist with lymphatic drainage.
  • For those who experience hair loss, volcanic mud therapy mayalso help with hair growth.

What are the Medical Applications of Volcanic Mud?

view of volcanic mudMedical benefits of using volcanic mud therapy:

  • Volcanic mud therapy can be used as a medical treatment for rheumatism.
  • It has also been found to have benefits for those suffering from arthrosis and arthritis.
  • Another medical application of this therapy is in the treatment of varicose veins.
  • Psoriasis and eczema can also be improved through the use of volcanic mud therapy.
  • Rosaceae, a skin condition that causes redness and inflammation, can also be treated with this therapy.

Who Should Avoid Mud Therapy?

Dr Prem's experience of Mud TherapyThere are a few considerations that you must not overlook if planning to go for Mud Therapy. If you fall under any of the following conditions, Mud Therapy is not advised for you:

  • If you are pregnant
  • If you consume excessive alcohol.
  • If you have any serious heart condition.
  • If you have high blood pressure.
  • If you have numerous skin abrasions or cuts, or you are suffering from any severe skin disorder
  • If you are taking certain medications that could negatively interact with the mud therapy.
  • If you have high sensitivity to heat.
  • If you are claustrophobic.
  • If you are unsure about any medical condition that you have.

Important Things to Know about Mud Therapy

dr prem taking Mud bath

  • While you are inside a mud bath, make sure you avoid getting the mud into your eyes, mouth, ears, or nose. It must only be used externally.
  • If you are opting for Volcanic Mud or Mud baths in spas, you must check what ingredients they are using and if the mud is changed regularly.
  • You need not worry about sinking into the mud. Instead, your body will be fully supported in the mud mixture, creating a sensation of weightlessness that can enhance the state of relaxation.
  • Mud baths or mud therapy where your body is completely immersed may give the feeling of suffocation to those with claustrophobia. It’s best to avoid the therapy in such conditions.
  • If you plan to get several spa treatments, it’s recommended to take a mud bath beforehand as it helps to relax your muscles. Doing so will ensure a better massage experience.
  • While mud baths may provide a pleasurable experience, their benefits are short-lived. This is because the minerals and other beneficial compounds found in mud cannot penetrate beyond the outermost layer of skin.
  • Whichever location or spa you may choose for volcanic mud therapy, always make sure you have checked its safety guidelines and the authorization of that provider as well.
  • Last but not least. While most people immerse in a mud bath fully naked, if you are not comfortable with it, you may choose to simply wear your inners or an old bathing suit, a worn-out T-shirt, and shorts.


Mud volcanic therapy is a popular natural treatment that has been used for centuries to improve skin health and promote relaxation. The treatment involves applying mud and clay from volcanic regions on the skin or immersing into liquidized mud completely. This therapy helps to detoxify the skin, reduce inflammation, and improve skin texture and tone. Mud volcanic therapy provides a unique and holistic approach that is both effective and soothing and leaves you rejuvenated and refreshed.

Dr Prem during his visit to Mud Volcano Baku

the Mud Volcano Baku tour

therapeutic mud

the relaxing volcanic mud therapy of Dr Prem

dr prem busy in clicking photo of Mud volcano

Dr Prem receiving the mud therapy

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