25 pesticides banned in India, 18 denied registration

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India grapples with the pesticide issue as some 25 pesticides are banned for manufacture, import, and use in India. And as revealed under the Right to Information (RTI) Act, two other pesticide or pesticide formulations are banned for use but their manufacture is allowed for export. Four pesticide formulations are banned for import, manufacture, and use. While seven pesticides have been withdrawn, 18 pesticides have been denied registration.

The pesticides banned for manufacture, import, and use are:

– Aldrin

– Benzene Hexachloride

– Calcium Cyanide

– Chlordane

– Copper Acetoarsenite

– CIbromochloropropane

– Endrin

– Ethyl Mercury Chloride

– Ethyl Parathion

– Heptachlor

– Menazone

– Nitrofen

– Paraquat Dimethyl Sulphate

– Pentachloro Nitrobenzene

– Pentachlorophenol

– Phenyl Mercury Acetate

– Sodium Methane Arsonate

– Tetradifon

– Toxafen

– Aldicarb

– Chlorobenzilate

– Dieldrine

– Maleic Hydrazide

– Ethylene Dibromide

– TCA (Trichloro acetic acid

The two pesticide / pesticide formulations banned for use but their manufacture is allowed for export are:

– Nicotin Sulfate

– Captafol 80% Powder

The pesticide formulations banned for import, manufacture, and use are:

– Methomyl 24% L

– Methomyl 12.5% L

– Phosphamidon 85% SL

– Carbofuron 50% SP

The withdrawn pesticides are:

– Dalapon

– Ferbam

– Formothion

– Nickel Chloride

– Paradichlorobenzene (PDCB)

– Simazine

– Warfarin

The pesticides refused for registration are:

– Calcium Arsonate

– EPM

– Azinphos Methyl

– Lead Arsonate

– Mevinphos (Phosdrin)

– 2,4, 5-T

– Carbophenothion

– Vamidothion

– Mephosfolan

– Azinphos Ethyl

– Binapacryl

– Dicrotophos

– Thiodemeton / Disulfoton

– Fentin Acetate

– Fentin Hydroxide

– Chinomethionate (Morestan)

– Ammonium Sulphamate

– Leptophos (Phosvel)

The ministry of agriculture’s secretary, S Kulshrestha, said the ‘main reason for banning’ pesticides was that some ‘involved a health hazard to human beings, animals and damage to the environment’. According to Kulshrestha, the ‘withdrawn’ pesticides ‘are likely to cause risk to human beings and animals as their safety cannot be fully established for want of complete data asked for from the pesticide industry’.

A pesticide is a substance or mixture of substances intended for preventing, destroying, repelling, or mitigating any pest. Herbicides, fungicides, and various other substances used to control pests are also termed as pesticides. The pesticides applied to agricultural lands enter the ground and surface water. The pesticide residues persist and sediment in water, soil, and vegetation for years. These residues have the potential to threaten the environment, wildlife, and humans. Pesticide contamination in food has become a huge global threat. And several pesticides have been identified as probable human carcinogens and some to cause birth defects, nervous system disorders, and reproductive problems.

As indicated by available figures, global pesticide use has increased 50-fold since 1950, and 2.5 million tonnes of industrial pesticides are now used each year worldwide.

Even though DDT has been banned in 88 countries, its widespread use is still evident in certain parts of the world to prevent malaria.

India, currently, has 203 pesticides registered under Section 9(3) of the Insecticide Act 1968.

SOURCE : DNA – Health Line CIBRC

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