The hard disk is a very important component of a computer. The drive is used to store and retrieve data or digital information when required. As it contains copious amounts of important data, it is the backbone of the computer. We often hear the hard disk is corrupted or hard disk failure, which is an indication of trouble, and raises chances of losing all your data.
It is important to identify the correct reasons of hard disk failure. These could be caused by various reasons such as a virus attack, the operating system may be corrupted, poor supply of power and many more. One of the most common reasons of hard disk failure is when the read and write head of the device gets in touch with the platter and scratches the data storage surface, resulting in data loss and destruction of the hard disk.
Here are few reasons of hard disk failure along with solutions that might help you recover some or all data where possible.
One of the most common reasons of hard disk crash are computer viruses, worms, and associated malicious programs. Not only does the virus affects the hard disk but also spreads to the other part of the system. The virus may enter through various media, network, external drives etc.
In case the user takes back up of the files containing virus, the system is again at risk of infection. To prevent the virus causing hard disk failure, use antivirus programs. Keep your system updated regularly with the antivirus but also keep in mind to update the antivirus so that it has the capability to detect any kind of virus and prevent them from affecting the system.
There is case when the operating system fails to boot making the files inaccessible for the user. There are many reason that system is not able to boot properly like incorrect shutting down of system, power failure, closing the running program by mistake, and use of corrupted software.
The solution to this problem is to avoid shutting down the system in an inappropriate way and not installing software that does not originate from reputable sources. Maintain the hard disk by removing the corrupted files regularly.
Failure of detection of hard disk by the computer
When there is a variation in power supply given by the UPS to the computer due to the power supply is low or the power supply is high, the basic input/output system is unable to read the hard drive. It may also result in causing problem while dealing with the motherboard. To overcome this problem, use an UPS of good quality and make it sure there is adequate supply of power.
Computer crashes occur when there are bad sectors and blocks on the hard disk. This problem may also occur when the spindle motor stops rotating.
The read and write head of the device usually keeps hovering about the surface or scratches the magnetic data storage that is known as head crash. This occurs when the hard disk is formatted many times out of its capacity or is too old that it cannot be operated any more. Use of reliable software for regular updation of the system will help you get rid of this problem.
Dust and heating
If the system is being used in excess, then it might get heated and lack of ventilation or if there is fault in the CPU fan then it might cause a hard disk problem. Keep the CPU properly cleaned and free from dust. To avoid heating, check the processor and ensure that it is getting sufficient cooling. You can also opt for smart tools that will alert you about hard disk conditions.
Hard disk is the primary data storage of a computer. If not maintained properly, it might result in various problems and solution to these problems must be done immediately otherwise it may cause loss in data.