What is Diabetes? ::
Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disorder, characterized by elevated levels of blood glucose (sugar) due to defective insulin secretion or defective insulin action, or both. This excessive sugar passes out of the body through urine. Hence, it is also called “sweet urine”. Insulin is a hormone that converts sugar, starches, and other food into energy.
It can lead to several complications like kidney failure, and nerve damage over a period of time. This results from damage to small vessels leading to microvascular disease. It can also accelerate atherosclerosis (the hardening and narrowing of the arteries i.e. blood vessels), resulting in stroke, coronary heart disease, and other large blood vessel diseases which leads to macrovascular disease.
According to the W.H.O estimation, it was found that there were 171 million people with diabetes in the year 2000 and predicted an increase in the number to 366 million globally by 2030. Till date the American Diabetes Association reported that there are 23.6 million children and adults in the United States who have diabetes and 57 million Americans who have pre-diabetes.