Patients can reduce the incidence of HF by engaging in at least three healthy lifestyle factors a day, according to a study.
In a national population-based study, researchers mailed five questionnaires to participating Finnish men and women in 1982, 1987, 1992, 1997 and 2002, which included questions on medical history, socioeconomic factors, physical activity, smoking habits, dietary intake, alcohol consumption, and MI or diabetes mellitus history. Overall, patients ranged in ages from 25 to 74 years. Lifestyle factors, such as smoking, BMI, physical activity, vegetable, fruit and alcohol consumption, were examined using multivariable Cox proportional hazards regression models in 38,737 participants. None of the participants had HF at baseline.
Two important risk factors for HF were smoking status and obesity. When compared with nonsmokers, the HR was 1.86 (95% CI, 1.51-2.30) for men and 2.09 (95% CI, 1.59-2.74) for women who currently smoked. Participants were associated with decreased HF risk when they participated in moderate to high levels of physical activity and vegetable consumption more than three times per week, according to the study. Researchers found no significant associations with fruit and alcohol consumption and HF risk.
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