Robotic Surgery


Robotic surgery is also known as robot-assisted surgery and allows doctors to perform complex procedures with precision, flexibility and a lot of control than possible with conventional surgical techniques. It is a minimally invasive surgery performed via tiny incisions.

  • Robotic surgery is sometimes also used in certain types of traditional open surgeries.
  • The robotic surgical system consists of a camera arm as well as mechanical arms with certain surgical instruments attached to the arms. Surgeons control the arms while sitting at computer consoles located near operating table.
  • The surgeon gets a high-definition, 3D, magnified, view of the site of surgery.
Robotic Surgery

Why is it needed?

  • Robotic surgery is needed to enhance the flexibility, precision and control during surgical procedures.
  • Surgeons can perform complex and delicate surgical procedures that are impossible or difficult to perform using conventional surgical methods.

Facts and Figures

  • PUMA 560 was the first robot used for a brain biopsy in 1985.
  • The PROBOT was developed in 1988 at Imperial College London to make repetitive incisions during transurethral prostate surgery.
  • The da Vinci surgical system is now the most used robotic surgery device. In 2010, Edward Hospital used the system to peel off a grape skin which became a meme on the internet.


  • Fewer complications
  • Low risk of infection at surgical site
  • Minimal scarring
  • Shorter stay in hospital
  • Faster recovery
  • Less blood loss and pain

Disadvantages of robot-assisted surgery

  • Risk due to human error
  • Mechanical failure of robotic system may lead to complications
Robotic Surgery

Preoperative Preparation

  • Physical examination
  • Diagnostic tests as advised by the surgeon
  • Get list of medicines to be taken pre- and post-surgery
  • Inform surgeon about alcohol or smoking habits, history of any reaction to any medication or anesthesia
  • Nutritional counselling
  • Arrange work leave, help at home and driving, and post-operative care
  • Medical tourists should select a hotel near the hospital

Post operative care

  • Do’s, Don’ts, and Precautions as advised by the surgeon
  • Take surgeon prescribed medicines
  • Keep incision site dry and clean
  • Do strictly follow the diet regime prescribed
  • No driving until permitted by a doctor