Bone Density

In osteoporosis, the bones become fragile and weak leading to easy fractures of the bones. DEXA, a bone density test, is performed to detect the risk of osteoporosis using X-rays to to check the patient’s bone mass and the concentration of minerals like calcium.
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Uses of the procedure

Here are the details of a few popular bone density tests

  • Dual Energy X-Ray Absorptiometry (DEXA) – spine, hip or total body
  • Peripheral Dual Energy X-Ray Absorptiometry (pDXA) -wrists, fingers, heel
  • Single Energy X-Ray Absorptiometry (SXA) – heels and wrists
  • Quantitative Ultrasound (QUS) – sheen bone, kneecap, heels
  • Quantitative Compound Tomography (QCT) – spine and other sites

Preparation for the procedure

  • The medical tourist must inform the healthcare provider regarding previous oral contrast or nuclear medicine tests. No other preparation is needed.

During the procedure

  • Wearing an examination gown, the patient is subjected to diagnosis by lying down on a large machine. Smaller machines are used for the wrists, heels, fingers, and other peripheral bones.
  • The X-rays images give an estimate of the mineral content packed into the bone segment. A higher content suggests denser and stronger bones, based on which the intensity of osteoporosis is measured.
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Travelers guide

  • Since the test is quick, safe, non-invasive, and painless, the medical tourist can resume daily activities immediately.