The Colonoscopy is performed to examine and view the rectum and colon. This procedure helps to treat intestinal problems like colon cancer or inflammatory diseases.

Preparations for the procedure

  •  A day or two before the procedure, the patient will be put on a liquid diet. This is called bowel preparation. The patient may also be given an enema to prepare the bowel for the procedure.
  • Before the procedure, the patient will be advised to keep 8-10 hours of the gap from the last meal.
  • It would be advisable to get someone along with you to drive you home after the procedure.

During the procedure

  •    A Colonoscopy generally lasts between 30-60 minutes and does not require admission in the hospital
  •   The patient would have to change into an examination gown and lay down on the left side with knees bent.
  •   Pain medications and sedatives will be given to the patient via IV through the arm.
  •   For proper guidance, the surgeon will use the colonoscope by inserting it into the rectum. This flexible and long instrument, ½” in diameter and is equipped with a fiber-optic camera.
  • Small growths and tissue samples will be collected/removed with the help of special tools/attachments.
  • The patient can go home after the sedation wears off.
  • He or she may experience cramping, flatulence, or even slight bleeding after the procedure.

Risk and Complications

  • Although it is very rare, complications may develop if there is a removal of a polyp.
  • Some of the other complications could be due to a reaction to the medication, bleeding, and perforation.

Uses of the colonoscopy

  • As a screening test for early detection of colorectal cancer and taking a biopsy sample if needed
  • Removal of polyp
  • Evaluating the symptoms of certain inflammatory bowel diseases due to rectal bleeding, abdominal pain, a sudden change in bowel habits and non-dietary weight loss

Travelers guide

  • Medical tourists would have to undergo bowel preparations a day or two before the procedure
  • Tourists can go back home after full recovery
  • Patients should not drive for 24 hours due to the effects of the sedation