Chemotherapy is a medical procedure that uses drugs to destroy cancer cells.

Procedure in a Nutshell:

Chemotherapy involves taking drugs that kill cancer cells or slow their growth. The drugs are administered orally, through an injection, or through a vein. Chemotherapy is usually given in cycles, with a period of treatment followed by a period of rest to allow the body to recover.

Why is it needed?

Chemotherapy may be used as the primary treatment for cancer or in combination with other treatments, such as surgery or radiation therapy. The goal of chemotherapy is to destroy as many cancer cells as possible while minimizing damage to healthy tissues.

Facts and Figures:

Chemotherapy is one of the most common treatments for cancer. According to the American Cancer Society, over half of all cancer patients receive chemotherapy at some point during their treatment. The success of chemotherapy depends on several factors, including the type and stage of the cancer, the location of the cancer, and the patient’s overall health.

Risks and Complications:

Like all medical procedures, chemotherapy has some risks and potential complications. Common side effects of chemotherapy include fatigue, nausea, vomiting, hair loss, and an increased risk of infection. In rare cases, chemotherapy may cause long-term side effects, such as nerve damage or an increased risk of developing a second cancer.

Post Operative Preparation:

After the procedure, the patient will be monitored closely for any signs of complications or side effects. The patient may require medication or other supportive therapies to manage any discomfort or side effects. In some cases, the patient may need to attend follow-up appointments to monitor their progress and adjust their treatment plan as needed.

Preoperative Preparation:

Before the procedure, the patient will undergo a thorough medical evaluation to determine if they are healthy enough for chemotherapy. The patient may be asked to stop taking certain medications or to change their diet in the days leading up to the procedure.

Do's, Don'ts and Precautions:

During chemotherapy, the patient should avoid exposing themselves to infections or germs. The patient should also follow any dietary or lifestyle recommendations from their doctor, such as avoiding certain foods or activities that may exacerbate their symptoms. It is important for the patient to attend all follow-up appointments and to report any unusual symptoms or side effects to their doctor.