Coronary Angiography

It is performed for the diagnosis of blocked arteries, for coronary artery and heart disease. X-Ray and a special dye are used to check the flow of blood through the patient’s heart. The procedure is done with cardiac catheterization.

Uses of coronary angiography

  • To detect blockage in coronary arteries, and diagnose specific heart diseases such as aortic stenosis, atypical chest pain, unstable angina, unexplained heart failure
  • To open blockage if any, using PCI or Percutaneous Coronary Intervention
  • To assist physicians in diagnosis as well as to recommend treatment for the relevant coronary diseases

Medical Tourist guide

Risk and Complications

It is a relatively safe procedure. Some risks associated are:

  • Irregular heartbeat
  • Low blood pressure
  • Arterial damage
  • Compression of the heart
  • Hemorrhage
  • Allergic reaction to the dye
  • Infection
  • Heart attack\ Stroke
  • Kidney damage

Pre Procedure Preparation

  • Patient has to be admitted one night before the procedure
  • Patient cannot drink or eat anything, 8 hours before procedure
  • Inform the doctor about drug allergy/allergies

During the Procedure

  • Patient has to wear hospital gown, and will be given mild sedative for comfort and relaxation. Electrodes will be attached to body for heart monitoring purposes
  • A catheter will be inserted in the upper thigh or groin, guided by a fluoroscope. The catheter will be advanced up to the opening of the coronary arteries
  • Dye is injected via the catheter to coronary artery and several X-Ray images are produced, which are known ad angiograms. The entire process takes approximately 30-60 minutes
  • Patient may be awake during the angiography, and feel some pressure when catheter is inserted
  • After the procedure is complete, catheter is removed, and insertion hole is sealed or compressed to prevent bleeding
  • Patient is transferred to the recovery room, then monitored for about 2-8 hours. The patient has to lie flat on the back in bed for a few hours to prevent bleeding