Radiation therapy

Radiation therapy is a medical procedure that uses high-energy radiation to kill cancer cells. Procedure in a nutshell: Radiation therapy involves using a machine to direct high-energy radiation at the site of the cancer. The radiation damages the DNA of cancer cells, causing them to die or stop growing. The procedure is typically done on an outpatient basis, and the patient does not need to be sedated.
Radiation therapy
Radiation therapy

Why is it needed?

Radiation therapy may be used as the primary treatment for cancer or in combination with other treatments, such as surgery or chemotherapy. The goal of radiation therapy is to destroy as many cancer cells as possible while minimizing damage to healthy tissues.

Facts and Figures:

Radiation therapy is one of the most common treatments for cancer.

According to the American Cancer Society, over half of all cancer patients receive radiation therapy at some point during their treatment.

The success of radiation therapy depends on several factors, including the type and stage of the cancer, the location of the cancer, and the patient’s overall health.

Risks and Complications:

Like all medical procedures, radiation therapy has some risks and potential complications.

Common side effects of radiation therapy include fatigue, skin irritation, nausea, and hair loss.

In rare cases, radiation therapy may cause long-term side effects, such as organ damage or an increased risk of developing a second cancer.

Radiation therapy

Post Operative Preparation:

After the procedure, the patient will be monitored closely for any signs of complications or side effects. The patient may require medication or other supportive therapies to manage any discomfort or side effects. In some cases, the patient may need to attend follow-up appointments to monitor their progress and adjust their treatment plan as needed.

Preoperative Preparation:

Before the procedure, the patient will undergo a thorough medical evaluation to determine if they are healthy enough for radiation therapy. The patient may be asked to stop taking certain medications or to change their diet in the days leading up to the procedure.
Radiation therapy

Do's, Don'ts and Precautions:

During radiation therapy, the patient should avoid exposing the treated area to the sun or extreme temperatures.
The patient should also avoid using any lotions, creams, or other products on the treated area without first consulting their doctor.
It is important for the patient to attend all follow-up appointments and to report any unusual symptoms or side effects to their doctor.