Precision medicine is a type of cancer treatment that uses genetic testing and other advanced techniques to tailor treatment to an individual’s specific genetic makeup and other unique characteristics.
Procedure in a Nutshell:
Precision medicine for cancer treatment involves several steps, including genetic testing to identify specific mutations or other abnormalities that are driving the cancer’s growth, and the use of targeted therapies or immunotherapies that are designed to specifically target these abnormalities.
Other advanced techniques, such as liquid biopsy and next-generation sequencing, may also be used to help identify potential targets for treatment.
Why is it needed?
Precision medicine is needed because not all cancers are the same, and traditional treatments such as chemotherapy may not be effective for all patients.
By identifying the specific genetic mutations or other abnormalities that are driving the cancer’s growth, precision medicine can help identify treatments that are more likely to be effective, while minimizing side effects and other risks associated with traditional treatments.
Facts and Figures:
Precision medicine is a rapidly evolving field, and new treatments and techniques are being developed all the time.
According to the Precision Medicine Initiative, precision medicine has the potential to revolutionize cancer treatment, leading to more targeted and effective treatments, improved outcomes, and fewer side effects.
Risks and Complications:
Like other types of cancer treatment, precision medicine carries some risks and complications, including potential side effects such as fatigue, nausea, and diarrhea.
Some targeted therapies may also cause more serious side effects, such as liver damage or heart problems.
Do's, Don'ts and Precautions:
The patient should inform their healthcare provider of any symptoms or side effects they experience, as prompt medical attention may be necessary.
The patient should also inform their healthcare provider of any other medications or supplements they are taking, as these may interact with precision medicine treatments.
The patient should also maintain good self-care practices, such as getting enough rest and exercise, eating a healthy diet, and avoiding smoking and other unhealthy habits.