Laminectomy is a surgery performed to treat back pain by removing a lamina or bone spur of the spinal vertebrae. This reduces the compression or pressure on the spinal nerve root. The most common laminectomy performed to relieve lower back pain is called Lumbar Laminectomy.
Why is it needed?
Laminectomy is recommended for people who suffer nerve root compression symptoms like:
- Severe leg pain
- Numbness, tingling, and weakness of the legs or buttocks
- Aggravation of pain and symptoms while standing or walking
- Poor bowel and bladder control
- Symptoms not relieved by medication or other conservative treatments and affecting the routine daily life of the patients
Causes of nerve root compression:
- Spinal stenosis
- Herniated disk
- Cauda equine syndrome(CES) – loss of bowel and bladder control