• Definition: Endocrinology is the medical specialty which deals with study of the normal production of hormones as well as their disturbances.
  • Hormones are crucial for day to day functions such as sleep, growth, sugar regulation, alertness level, mood regulation, temperature regulation and more.
  • Endocrinologists are doctors who treat diseases that are related to hormonal problems. They can diagnose as well as treat conditions such as thyroid diseases, diabetes, growth issues, infertility, osteoporosis, certain cancers, disorders in hormone producing glands such as pituitary and adrenal glands.

Why is it needed?

  • Hormones are released in one part of your body and travel via the bloodstream and affect another part of body. Pituitary, adrenal or thyroid glands, ovaries and testes, release important hormones for the body.
  • Hormone imbalance can contribute to major diseases such as thyroid conditions, diabetes, some neurological and sexual problems, obesity, appettie, cancer, bone problems etc.
  • The objective of this treatment is to restore proper functioning of endocrine glands thereby restoring hormonal balance in your body.

Facts and Figures

  • Chinese traditional healers studied hormones and learnt how to extract them from urine almost 2000 years ago.
  • Your body makes around 30 types of hormones.
  • All the endocrine glands are ductless – they secrete hormones into bloodstream directly.
  • Stress drives up the endocrine system.
  • Alcohol has a negative impact on endocrine system.


  • Restores hormone balance in the body
  • Manages or prevents conditions due to hormone imbalance
  • Improves mood and makes it easier to perform daily activities


There are different treatments and hormone therapies prescribed by endocrinologists. The common treatments such as HRT might cause some discomfort such as:

  • Leg cramps
  • Bloating
  • Swelling or tenderness in breasts
  • Headache
  • Indigestion
  • Back pain
  • Abdominal pain
  • Depression

Reaction to hormone therapy

  • Headaches
  • Feeling sick
  • Fatigue or tiredness
  • Joint/muscle pain and/or stiffness
  • Hot flushes
  • Night sweats
  • Mood changes
  • Reduced libido
Reaction to hormone therapy
Reaction to hormone therapy

Preoperative Preparation

  • Physical examination
  • Urinalysis and Blood test
  • Ultrasound-abdomen, X-ray- chest
  • Get list of medicines to be taken
  • Inform doctor about alcohol or smoking habits
  • Nutritional counseling
  • Medical tourists should select a hotel near the hospital

Post-operative care

Do’s, Don’ts, and Precautions:

  • Take surgeon prescribed medicines
  • Maintain food intake diary and record weight loss
  • Do strictly follow the diet regime prescribed