EGD – Esophagogastroduodenoscopy
The Esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) procedure helps to examine areas like the upper duodenum, stomach or even the inner lining of the swallowing tube. A Gastroenterologist performs this procedure using an endoscope.
Preparations for the procedure
the patient has to fast 6-8 before the procedure
If the patient has any kind of health problems, allergies or is presently on medication, the doctor should be informed about it
It is advisable to take someone along with you to drive you back or provide a helping had after the procedure.
During the procedure
The EGD takes around 10-15 minutes and does not require the patient to be admitted to the hospital.
The patient will be asked to lie down on the left side. An anesthetic solution will be sprayed to prevent the patient from gagging or coughing during the procedure.
Through the arm and with the help of the IV, pain alleviating medicines and sedation will be given
To view the respective body parts, an endoscope will be inserted through the mouth. this will be long enough to go up to the stomach.
In case of doubt for cancer, a tissue sample may be also be taken
In a few cases where there is a narrow esophagus, certain tools will be used to widen or stretch it for better visibility
Post the procedure, there will be restrictions on liquid and food for a few hours. The patient will also be under observation.
Complication and Risks
The patient can only develop any risk or complication if an inexperienced gastroenterologist conducts it. A few reasons why complications may develop would be due to factors like internal bleeding on the area where the biopsy was conducted. It can also be due to a reaction to the anesthetic medication.
When is the EGD conducted?
The EGD is performed when there is any abnormality or inflammation of the duodenum, stomach or esophagus
In case of doubt, a biopsy may be conducted to take a tissue sample
To understand where and why there is an internal bleeding
To understand how well the gastric ulcers are healing
Evaluating the reason behind symptoms like sudden weight loss, unexplained anemia, heartburn, vomiting or nausea, and even abdominal pain for no reason.
It is advisable to get the procedure done through an experienced gastroenterologist especially in the case of medical tourists.
While booking a hotel, consider one that is close to the hospital with a room on the ground floor
After the procedure, the patient can go home the next day. in case a biopsy is conducted, the patient would have to wait for a few days.
For the first 24 hours post-procedure, it is advisable that the patient should not drive and or operator any kind of machinery.