What could be the key drivers to tribal tourism? The opportunity to meet the jungle folk in all wild and natural habitats is an appeal strong enough.Despite all its primitive charm and beautiful natural surroundings, accessibility matters. Most of the raw tribal settlements are located in remote corners of the earth. Placed amid dense woods hidden away from civilization, the tribal villages are often left as unexplored pieces of land. Tourists find it difficult to reach these obscure pockets.
For example, in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, the tourists never get to see the Jarwas, a legendary human race shut away from the rest of the world.Sounds of drum beats and ceremonial wails and cries may be heard from a distance. As you cruise along the network of waterways, the guide probably warns you about stepping onto the bank. The air has a general tension and you senseforeboding vibes rising.
The visit to the tribal villages seems taboo and the menace overwhelming. The same uneasy feeling forms a nervous knot down in your stomach as you cruise along the famous Congo or Amazon basin with primitive settlements built along the banks.
The captain and the crew of the steamers dare not anchor on to the danger infested banks.Whether you locate the tribes or not, and some of whom might have been cannibals as per opinions planted in your psyche, the waterways voyage is no doubt charged with intense thrill.
However, the myth needs to be broken, and the journey to tribal civilization needs to be made a bit smoother.
Efficient transport system should put the interested tourists right in the middle of the tribal culture. The mode of journey should not add even a tiny wisp of pollution to an otherwise pristine environment.Sustaining the ecology should be a prior commitment for a visit to tribal country. Cultural and physical pollution would put more distance between the tourists and the tribal population. It would demolish the relationship that could establish an effective bond between two faces of civilization.
An attempt to improve the acquaintance making the tribal areas reachable could be an effectual driver bringing in more and more smiling faces from outside to the tribal vicinity. The tourists would come,mingle with the local culture,draw the essence and contribute if there is something worthwhile to throw in. Finally, they would leave with a happy and lasting impression about the tribal world.
Baiting the tribal girls and throwing food at them, taking advantage of their abject poverty is too bad a practice.In an unfair swap, the poor souls are made to dance in a semi-nude show, which is grossly inhuman and an instance of negative tourism.Such practices, which often happen, must be stopped. Instead, a more concrete and humanitarian approach must be initiated.
The tourists, the government and the ministry of tourism have a functional responsibility to discharge in this direction.This monitoring exercise from the government level could well become a key driver. This could bring the tourists from the urbane world and the tribal folk closer on a congenial platform.
Due to the remote location of tribal dwellings, scarcity of good accommodation and infrastructure is noticed. This is chiefly on account of the difficulty in procurement of building materials and organizing construction work in a place where harsh nature rules.But a firm stand is to be taken and the issue needs a proper remedy.
Comfortable accommodation and smooth working infrastructure would provide the right support base from where the tourist can launch his tribal expedition.The upgradation of these networks will definitely work as effective key drivers for triggering a rise in the number of tourist visits to the tribal domain.
Some tribes may express a hostile attitude towards outsiders, a mindset formed over the years. It is quite natural that they would retaliate with spiteful counter punches.The problem can be addressed by implementation of progressive tribal policies. At the very inception, stringent rules need to be devised to monitor tourist behavior towards a clannish community.
This would be a significant driver boosting tourism to ethnic regions. Without a sincere effort to improve the relation, tourists and tribes will continue to dwell in separate disconnected islands built on mistrust and hostility. Further tourist visits to tribal settlements would be put off.
Promoting tribal art and culture would be an effective key driver to tribal tourism. The bureau of tourism development can always set up a museum sort of institution and archives for preservation and display of tribal crafts.This would definitely interest the tourists. Wonderful objects of art like pottery,indigenous jewelry, hunting weapons, embroidery and local hieroglyphics could be showcased to market tribal achievements in different fields. Typical folk dances could be organized for a fee. The ethnic dance groups could perform to the delight of the spectators, and this certainly would be an input driver to tribal tourism.
A tribal tour package should include at least a day spent among tribal folks to make it interesting.
The tourist gets to know about the inner tone of a typical day spent by these children of Mother Nature. What we learn about these merry people come from texts by anthropologists and brief anecdotes from jungle expeditions.Live interaction is a much sought after pursuit that may give an ocean of satisfaction to a nature lover.Now the issue is to carefully organize such a trip. The department of tourism together with support from the anthropological society may make an effort in this direction.
The arrangement should consider the following factors to make it a sure key driver:
(a) Ensuring hygiene and safety of the visiting tourists.
(b) Installation of a congenial atmosphere free from mutual suspicion on exploring the most private domains on either side.
(c)Ensure tribal sentiment is not hurt at any cost.
(d)Efforts should be exercised and means should be figured out that the apparently shy and honest jungle people open up, and a firm bond of fraternity is established with the tourist.
With the above targets achieved, the tourists get the maximum exposure to the wonderful tribal culture which may have been misinterpreted from a distance.The tourists should be properly educated on the standard norms prevalent in a tribal community. They must be well acquainted with common gestures of courtesy that are common among tribal community.
Presence of authentic flavor in tribal culture is yet another powerful key driver. Striving for tribal welfare is fine, but it should not come at the cost of eroding the ethnicity that has been ingrained in their social fabric since the dawn of civilization. No tourist would like to see a tribal folk in tuxedo and denim.He would appear as gorgeous in his traditional garb, ornaments, and headgear. Identification of key drivers is an important exercise that shapes the future of tribal tourism.