Lisbon is the capital city of Portugal a city that is not only a place wealthy in history but also is full of modernity. Lisbon provides several well known tourist attractions. It is situated on the northern banks of the River Tagus. The churches, ancient castles and other heritage sites are extensive beautiful and well maintained.
Even though the city is old full off quaint alleyways and quiet ancient whispers the modern city of Lisbon, the capital of the thriving nation of Portugal also boasts of a lively variety of night attractions in the Bairro Alto. The shopping is also enticing, drawing tourists from across the globe into the famous flea markets of the city or the exclusive and expensive Campo de Santa Clara where the magnificent spoils of the Iberian Peninsula and the Centro Commercial Colombo are laid out for your delectation.
1. Belem Tower
Bellem towers is one of the oldest historical buildings in the city, built during 1515-1521 in gothic style, located proud and beautiful on the bank of river Tagus. It is the icon of the city of Lisbon, being listed by the UNESCO as a World Heritage Monument, protected under national and international law. It was constructed in 1515 as a fortress to stand watch over the entrance to Lisbon’s harbor, the beginning for many of the voyages of discovery, and for many famous explorers it was the last sight they saw of their homeland.
2. St. George’s Castle
St George’s Castle or as the locals call it, Castelo de Sao Jorge is in Lisbon, Portugal. It is a well built medieval style citadel perched atop one of the city’s highest hills commanding the approaches to the Tagus River. The hilltop citadel offers fine panoramic views of the city and is a fascinating place to sit and think about Lisbon’s history. Visitors can enjoy themselves by climbing the towers, walking the reconstructed ramparts and feeding the numerous geese and ducks that roam free around the famous castle gardens, surrounded by native oak, pine and olive parks.
3. Jeronimos Monastery
The Mosteiro dos Jeronimos, like the Belem Tower is present on the UNESCO world heritage list. It is one of the stateliest, enduring and impressive symbols of Portugal’s fabled power and wealth that came from its New World Empire during the Age of Discovery. Constructed in 1502 at the place where explorer Vasco da Gama spent his last night before setting sail for India, it was built to celebrate the occasion of Vasco Da Gama’s journey and to offer thanks to the goddess Virgin Mary for its successful conclusion. Vasco da Gama’s body was brought from India and re-interred by the main entrance.
4. Calouste Gulbenkian Museum
The Calouste Gulbenkian Museum houses a collection of Egyptian, Greek, Roman, Islamic, Asian, and European art, and was substantially redecorated and modernized in 2001 making it one of the most important points to visit during a trip to the city. It is a fine private art collection that was gathered over 40 years by the well known oil magnate Calouste Gulbenkian.
5. The Oceanarium
It is one of the world’s largest indoor aquariums containing a large list of marine species, including birds, mammals, fish, cnidaria, etc., totaling up to 16,000 individuals of over 450 species.