Many historical landmarks that reflect ancient civilizations, their culture, and their way of life surround us. Some of them are so beautiful and more visible than others. They are not just ancient buildings or formations, they are the record keepers of time and history.
Sadly, these landmarks are losing their glory. Natural hazards and human activities are affecting the beauty of these monuments and landmarks. Some of the famous landmarks are described as follows:
Ashoka Pillar, India
It is one of the major landmarks in the country, which is located in Jayanagar and was built by Mauryan emperor Ashoka. It runs the risk of losing its beauty, if it is not given proper care and protection from the responsible authority. We can see many hoardings and banners placed around this pillar, which impose an adverse effect on its beauty.
These illegal activities are making the surroundings of the pillar dirty. This is a heritage site and it is being treated with no respect since years. It is vital to protect the pillar from damage so that we can keep it for future generations. Incidentally the Lion Capital from one of Ashoka’s Pillars also happens to be the Emblem of India.
Giza pyramid, Egypt
It is the largest pyramid of the three pyramids, which are known as Great pyramid of Giza. It was constructed around 2560-2540 BC by ancient Egyptians. This huge pyramid was built as a tomb for fourth Dynasty Egyptian rulers. It consists of approximate 2.3 million blocks, which were transported from other place, often far away. This huge pyramid lost its original beauty in an earthquake, which loosened the outer casing stones of the pyramid. Local kings removed those huge stones to build castles, mosques, and tombs. Further, scientists and archeologists removed some of the remaining stones and historical objects from the pyramid.
Taj Mahal, India
Located in Agra, Uttar Pradesh, the Taj Mahal was built by Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan in the memory of his beloved wife Mumtaz Mahal. This masterpiece was recognized as the jewel of Muslim art. It is a combination of Persian and Mughal architecture. The entire tomb is made from white marbles. Today, acid rain and pollution are affecting the color of the marble and making it dull. In 2010, couple of cracks appeared in different parts of the tomb and wooden foundation of the tomb is rotting due to lack of pure water.
Great wall of China, China
Great Wall of China is one of the most visited places of the country. It is a fortification, whose construction was started by the first emperor of the country, Qin Shi Huang, between 220-206 BC. It reflects the ancient culture of wall building in China and was built to defend the borders of the country. Many attacks affected and damaged the wall during 1930s and ‘40s. The government of the country is trying to protect this heritage for future generation.
Colosseum is also known as the Flavian Amphitheatre, located in the middle of Rome. It was built in 70-80 AD by Roman emperors and is considered as one of the greatest works of Roman Architecture. The construction of this amphitheatre started under the rule of Emperor Vespasian. Environmental conditions are affecting the original beauty of this landmark. Today, we can see many cracks in the building and the original color is also getting dull. It is vital to protect the landmark at this stage otherwise, it can lead to more and disastrous damages.
Ashok pillar, Taj Mahal, Giza Pyramids, and Great Wall of China are most renowned landmarks in the world. They tell the story and culture of ancient people and civilizations. But, they are diminishing their glory and need special care or protection.