The causes of nosebleeds might be dry air or vigorous noseblowing, allergies or a combination of these. Nosebleeds are common in children, but they are not very serious medical condition, yet you should know the way to deal with it.
Change the position of your head
No matter whether it is you or a child, who suffers from nosebleed, sitting upright or standing can help to stop the bleeding. While sitting upright, make sure that the head is tilted forward and not backward. If you position the head backwards then this can lead to blood running down the throat. Sitting straight helps in reducing blood pressure, which ultimately slows down the bleeding.
Pinch just under the bridge of the nose
This is another effective way to deal with nosebleeds, especially if a child is concerned. When you pinch the bridge during nosebleeds, remember to breathe through the mouth. During this time, one should not cough or breathe through the nose. This position should be helpful for at least ten minutes, so that pressure is created and then after some time, release the hold. In case, the bleeding still continues pressure should be applied again for another ten minutes.
Apply direct pressure
Apart from putting pressure by pinching the bridge, applying direct pressure on the affected area can also help to stop nosebleed. For applying direct pressure, squeeze a cloth into the nose to shut it and then apply moist cotton on the side of the nose, which is bleeding. After this, squeeze the nostrils together to put pressure. You can also apply ice on the affected side for about ten minutes. Keep the pressure for some time, and then let it loose. When applying the method on a child, ask the child to breathe through the mouth to avoid loosening the clot or sneezing.
Try a nasal spray
Nowadays, you can easily find nasal sprays available over the counter, which helps to stop nosebleeds. These are decongestant sprays, which works by shrinking the blood vessels for some time and results in slowing down the nosebleed, or stopping it completely. Nasal saline mist is also available, which one can spray directly into the nostrils. These are good for dealing with recurrent nosebleeds, and one can use them two to three times in a day. Ointments are also available, which helps in healing blood vessels that are exposed on your nasal septum.
Use a vaporizer
A vaporizer can help in cooling and moistening mucous membranes that helps in preventing nosebleeds from coming again. The vaporizer keeps the air of a room moist, and this helps in providing humid conditions. However, in the absence of a vaporizer, one should inhale slowly through the mouth and then should exhale through the nose. The moisture present in the breath helps in moistening the affected area. Applying lanolin ointment can also help in moisturizing your nose. Remember not to pick your nose, rub it, or bump it as this can cause the bleeding to recur. When you see that, the bleeding is subsiding slowly, clean your nose with warm water while keeping your head forward.