Early human civilization was quite fascinated by the enchantment that nature held. They were aware of the enormous resources and the huge natural potential stored around. Benefits reaped from natural wealth like fish caught from water, game collected from the wild, fruits and nuts plucked from plants and trees and cereals harvested from irrigated fields in fact were a key to their survival and civilization that would keep on expanding putting the entire human race in a place exactly where we are now. The nature and its beauty around him have charmed man since time immemorial.
He had migrated from one place to another in search of greener pastures and was confronted with even bigger marvels that nature had in store for him. He knew Mother Nature was opulent. He also knew one other thing that this opulence is transient in character. He took up charcoal and plant and earth based pigments, and cave art was born. The artist in him wanted to preserve the natural scenery, the plant, the animals and the mountains that lay outstretched before his wonder struck eyes. He put it down on the cave walls to give it a permanence, and we have the cave paintings from the Neolithic age. He also knew that the wild berries, fruits and cereals that he has been collecting from the wild would exhaust someday unless he does something to replenish them. Thus serious efforts took a finite shape, and the art of irrigation and agriculture came up replacing partially the traditional profession of hunting and gathering.
From the ancient times wherever man left his foot prints in an attempt to preserve the natural reservoir of resources and wealth had been evident. The evolution of responsible tourism was spread across the globe from European continent stretched along the East towards Asia Minor and the Oriental Mongoloid dominion. The migration from Spain and Italy towards the Americas was motivated by grand commercial schemes and gold rushes, and so was the movement of the Arabs to the interior of the Dark and dangerous continent of Africa practically crawling with wildlife and other sinister entities lurking behind bush. It was the lure of wealth and regional potential of a destination that has driven men since those days, but one fact was deeply ingrained in his psyche that unless he gives efforts to restore what had been lost even this wonderful earth laden with reserves of wealth will turn barren.
Cultural swaps materialized as people from different regions of the world met and existed in a place for a certain length of time. Respect for an alien culture helped it thrive in a new surrounding inhabited by a new set of people adapted to a different lifestyle altogether.
Human reaction towards responsible tourism was laced with a positive attitude and has a checkered history. Environmental issues have always been man’s concern right from the dawn of human civilization. There are indications and proofs vouching human concern for nature and his actions to protect the same. Man has witnessed both nature’s blessings and wrath since he has seen the light of the day. He had seen floods, quakes, natural disasters, devastating forests fires and volcanic eruption. He had also seen lands laden with crops ready to harvest, orchards full with fruits, rivers and lakes running with edible and non edible aquatic life, and he had invented novel techniques to harness nature’s gift. Dams have been built across rivers to control flood and utilize its water in several beneficial ways.
Care was taken to see that the aquatic life was recycled, and the water bodies never went dry. Awareness for nature and taking preservative measure so that disasters are contained within a time before they can cause further damage dawned on man no sooner he realized his irresponsible action was the root of all evil.
He travelled across the globe keeping in mind one tree uprooted must be replaced by planting a fresh seedling. Minerals mined indiscriminately would someday lead to mines running empty unless the operation is launched in a controlled manner keeping an eye on the future. Indiscriminate hunting and poaching would result in extinction of wild life and we even have Biblical instances.
Noah fearing the catastrophic deluge constructed his mammoth Arch to preserve and sustain life so that life continues and is not wiped out entirely from earth.