This surgical procedure is carried out to implant pacemaker in the patient’s chest, to control abnormal heart rate. The pacemaker which is an electronic device regulates cardiac arrhythmia with low energy electric pulses. Depending on requirements, permanent or temporary pacemakers are implanted.

An ICD or implantable cardioverter-defibrillator is just like a pacemaker. The difference is that ICD utilizes high energy electrical pulses to treat serious arrhythmia in addition to low energy electric pulses.


Why it is needed?

A pacemaker is prescribed for:

  • The slow beating of the heart (heart rate) or Bradycardia
  • Heart blockage due to age, muscular dystrophy and damage to the heart due to heart attack
  • Atrial fibrillation
    Arrhythmia due to long QT syndrome disorder
  • Sick sinus syndrome – alternating fast and slow heartbeats
  • Congenital heart disease
  • Heart transplantation

Facts and figures

Risk and Complications

  • Bleeding, swelling, bruising or infection at the implanted site
  • Damage to nerves or blood vessels
  • Lung complications
  • Allergic reaction to medicines
  • A pacemaker might be defective and does not work as intended after surgery