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Internal Medicine

Internal medicine is a specialty branch focused on prevention, diagnosis, treatment and compassionate care of adults encompassing a broad spectrum of health conditions including complex ailments. Doctors are specially trained to diagnose multiple puzzling problems in chronic ailments in patients with one or more conditions. Internal medicine specialists, also known as Internists (not to be mixed up with interns) treat patients with long term chronic ailments like hypertension, cardiovascular ailments, diabetes, chronic lung disease and obesity.

Other subspecialties of internal medicine include immunology, endocrinology, hematology, infectious diseases, gastroenterology, nephrology, oncology, pulmonology and rheumatology. Even though internists function like primary care physicians, they do not fall under the category of family physicians or general practitioners. Their expertise may not be solely focused on adults but may also include surgery, pediatric care and obstetrics.

Similar to primary care physicians, internists often refer patients to other subspecialties based on specific diagnosis even for cancer screenings if required. An internal medicine doctor can also consult with other specialists to confirm a diagnosis and to set up treatment plans.

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When to see an Internal Medicine Physician?

Many patients have to be in a long queue in their home countries to get a preliminary assessment of their health conditions. If you feel the urgent need to get yourself checked, SpringMedo will assist you in all possible ways to make you visit a top of the line Internal medicine physician attached to a reputed medical facility.

Internists are mainly consulted for chronic disease management. However, you might prefer to consult an expert Internal medicine physician for the following conditions:

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Fever is also a very common ailment caused as an immune response to foreign invaders like virus, bacteria, fungi, drugs, etc. It is marked by an elevated body temperature. Normally, it does not pose any serious threat but medical intervention is required to treat the underlying cause.

Stomach ache

This can be a transient disorder or caused by a serious disease. The causes can be varied indigestion, infection in the digestive tract, kidney stones, food poisoning, gall bladder stone, ulcer, GERD, food allergies, appendicitis, etc.

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Autoimmune diseases

The patient’s immune system mistakenly attacks its body cells and tissues of skin and joints releasing proteins known as auto antibodies. Autoimmune disorders can be organ-specific where one organ is affected or non-organ specific where multiple organs can be affected. Nearly 80 autoimmune disorders exist with severity ranging from mild to disabling conditions. Unexplained muscle or joint pain, abdominal pain, weakness, rashes, weight loss, increased heart beat, blood clots, successive miscarriages, etc. can be symptoms of autoimmune diseases.

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Common cold

This is a common ailment that we all come across but those with poor immunity and other underlying conditions can face severe symptoms. Symptoms are caused by a virus and normally go away within 2-3 days or maximum in a week. Common symptoms are nasal congestion, runny nose, sore throat, cough, mild or high fever, muscle pain, etc.

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Cystic fibrosis

This is an inherited disorder causing severe damage to lungs, sinus, pancreas, intestinal tract and other body parts. Symptoms manifest in early childhood but can also appear in adolescence or adult phase. Symptoms may include intestinal blockage ( in newborns), constipation, rectal prolapse, repeated chest and sinus infections, breathlessness, frequent abdominal pain, wheezing and breathlessness, vitamin deficiency, diabetes mellitus, bone deformation and multiple fractures, etc.