You do not need an environmental crusader to tell you the importance of water and the dramatic shrinking of drinking water level. At an average, a person uses between 75-100 gallons of water per day, including showers, laundry, lawn watering, toilet flushing, dishes, etc. We all know that only 3 percent of the earthsâ wealth of water is fresh water. And according to studies, freshwater available on this earth will decrease by 33 percent in the next 50 years as population will explode in the coming years. So, use water thinking that you have earned it. Moreover, conserving water not only saves this precious resource, but also saves your water bill and energy that is used to deliver and treat the water you use every day, and also helps the human health and environment. Remember,whatever may be the occupation, water preservation is every one’s obligation. So, be a part of the solution, not the problem. Here are some quick tips to conserve water.
1. Fix the leaks, save water: Leaked taps, pipes and joints are water wasters in home or anywhere else. Sometimes these leaks or faults can be fixed easily by replacing old washers, faulty faucets or by putting water-resistant adhesive on the leaks.
2. Turn towards responsibilities, turn off the taps: Most of us leave the faucets open and water keeps running through it without being used. So, turn off the faucets while washing your hands, brushing your teeth, shaving, etc., when you do not need the water.
3. Wash only on full loads, conserve water, conserve energy: Whether you are using dishwasher or washing machine always use them when they are fully loaded so that water can be optimally used. And if you have to use at partial load then adjust the water level according to the load.
4. Turn off the shower while soaping: A four or five minute shower drains 20 to 35 gallons water approximately. So you can save a huge amount of water by turning off the shower while soaping and turn it on again while rinsing.
5. Use a hippo or save-a-flush in the cistern: Use a hippo or save-a-flush in the cistern to reduce the amount of water your toilet tank uses per flush. Generally, old toilet cistern uses approximately 9 liters of clean water per flush and by placing a hippo or save-a-flush in it you can save up to 2.5 liters of water per flush, which amounts to about 10000 liters per year. And these are often provided free of cost by local water companies.
6. Use water efficient appliances: The amount of water consumed by appliances like washing machines, dishwashers, shower heads, etc. varies considerably. The technology is developing day by day for the efficiency of appliances. So buy new appliances which are more water and energy efficient like washing machines having a European Union (EU) energy label A, B or C. Appliances having rating A are most efficient while G are worst.
7. Install low-flow shower heads, taps, faucets, and toilets: Replace existing fast flow and old shower heads, taps, toilets, and faucets by installing the low flow products available in the market. Using low flow apparatus, you can bring down the flow to 1.5 gallons per minute which is very significant in conserving water as compared to old and fast flow products which flushes the water at a rate of 4 to 7 gallons per minute.
8. Clean the vegetables in static water, think outside the sink: Do not wash the vegetables in running water, rather rinse them by soaking in a pan of water. This water can be lately used in gardening and it also encourages recycling of water.
9. Insulate the water pipes, save water, save energy: Get hot water faster and avoid wasting water while it heats up and consequently save your energy bill by insulating the water pipes, specially those which are used to carry hot water. Insulated water pipes will confine heat to themselves even when they are not in use.
10. Operate the hose according to necessity: Immediately close down the hose, when it is no longer necessary to water the lawn or wash the car. And remember, use hose at a slow rate of flowing water. A hose with half inch diameter can drain approximately 600 gallons of water under normal water pressure per hour. So use the hose wisely.
11. Irrigate the lawn sagely: Water your lawn in early morning or evening. Temperature is low at these times and hence, water lost in the evaporation is rediced. Also refrain watering the lawn on a windy day.
12. Use recycled water to water the garden: To irrigate the lawn, use recycled water, e.g., water used in rinsing the vegetables.
13. Wash the car using bucket and save water: Use a bucket and a sponge rather than a hose to wash the car as it will save water in an appreciable amount. Or you can also take your car to the car wash which recycles water. In this way, you are also contributing your part to conserve water.
14. Mulch to save water: Mulch enhances the moisture retaining capability of soil as it slows the evaporation process while degrading the growth of weeds. So, there will be less need of water to irrigate the lawn, consequently conserving water.
15. Steam rather than boil: Cook the vegetables by steam rather than boil as it will consume less amount of water compared to boiling the vegetables and it will use less heat to cook the vegetables.
16. Collect rain water, invest in water harvest, it pays in the rest: Buy water butts and fix them in down pipes, sheds, garage, etc., and link them with each other to step up your storage. Alternatively, you can set up a rain water harvesting system at your house and building, provided you have enough money and space.
17. Teach the society, a major action from mankind can save our water and save our future: As much as it is important to conserve water at home, it is equally important to help spread awareness among people around you. Every person must contribute towards this because water is life for all. So indulge yourself in water management issues. Encourage people, schools, societies, organizations, and local government to conserve water. Share your suggestions and gain experiences from people to conserve the resource.
Water is very precious and is life for all, so every person must conserve it. Always remember, when there is no more water, then there is no more you!