The success of wildlife tourism rests on the basic platform of the resources available, the tourist and the locals who live in proximity of the wild life country. The basic components mentioned should go compatible. The tourist and the host should be complementary to each other, that is, they should fulfill each other’s requirement and strike a fine equilibrium that they are held in peaceful coexistence with each looking forward to the presence of the other against a backdrop of the wildlife country. The interaction between the local host and the tourist guest and the flow of material and attitude based elements between them should sustain wildlife tourism and further the interests of tourists and the local environment as well.
Expedition into a wild life country means a certain level of contact is established between the locals and tourists. This contact should breed constructive outcome to promote wild life tourism in the region. There must not be any notion brewing within the sentiments of the local tribes of environmental pollution brought in with the arrival of outsiders. Nor they must feel a threat of encroachment by tourists for achieving their exploits. Specifically the tribes are very simple and sensitive. They look upon strangers with suspicion. Their sentiments must not be hurt as to invite enmity that will damage the spirit of wild life tourism. Their customs however bizarre they might look should be respected. Wild life tourism industry should be designed to generate employment for the local and should enhance the economy of the region for its sustenance. The host must look forward to embrace wildlife tourism with open arms. They should be encouraged to contribute towards the up gradation of wild life tourism.
The importance of resources as a vital component to keep wild life tourism going cannot be denied. Out of the resource component the position of flora and fauna is at the apex. The quality, size and the variety of plant and animal population decides the tourist appeal of a wild life country. All round effort is to be made to enhance this immense natural wealth by initiating movement against poaching, lumbering and disturbing the ecosystem. It is a complex chain involving the food pyramid and survival of the components of the pyramid-plants, herbivore and carnivore feeding cycle.
A detailed survey should be continuously carried out to figure out the quantity of grass and plant matter available per sq km to sustain the herbivore population. The size of herbivore population available to feed the carnivores is the prime attraction. The adequacy and quality of food obtainable are important. Animal migration aspect has to be factored in as well. Environment experts and ecologists should walk in with concrete solutions so that the region doesn’t turn barren devoid of plant and animal life.
Next important resource base is the infrastructural set up. Accommodations and medical facilities with world standard service are essential. The availability and reliability of transport are equally important to support the tourism.
Basically, there should be an all-round awareness alive in the air and the people must come forward whole heartedly to extend their resources to the tourist so that his expedition turns into an impressive experience. On the other end, the flow of money from the customer should be reasonable.
The tourist mass constitutes one of the most important component as it is them who will visit the wild life country. More tourists would mean more inflow of dollars. The money flowing from the tourist will sustain wild life tourism business promoting the economy of the region. The welfare measures should be supported by the money generated leading to up gradation of the infrastructure of the region.
All the components mentioned form the backbone of wild life tourism which ultimately decides the future of a particular destination.